Stress Accent (Acent tonich)

Stress in Lombard may fall on the ultimate, penultimate or antepenultimate syllable.

Ultimate position:

If the final vowel is long, it is written doubled and always stressed:

arabiaa adj angry;
giügaa ppl played;
siir fpl evenings;
veer adj true.

If the stressed vowel is in final position, it is followed by a doubled consonant or, if the syllable has no coda, the accent is graphically marked:

cott adj cooked;
giügà v to play;
tò adj your;
vegg adj old.

If the vowel is followed by two consonants, the stress falls there bt default:

alegrament adv happily;
pensand v thinking;
vert adj. open;
umasc m bad man.

Penultimate position:

If the final syllable is -(C)V(C) in form no graphic mark is added:

cantem v we sing;
curen v they run;
rima f rhyme;
rosa f rose.

A graphic stress can be added, anyway, over e to distinguish the closed and the open sounds:

bèla adj beautiful.

A graphic stress is generally added in other cases

Antepenultimate position: the graphic accent is always marked.

Remember: whenever you see an o or an ö, these are the stressed vowels:

cò m neck;
föra adv outside;
incöö adv today;
tonich adj tonic (acent tonich stress accent).

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