Noun (Substantivo)

Galician nouns have number and gender. The system of gender consists of masculine and feminine genders and the system of number of singular and plural.

All nouns have these two categories:

Gender (Xénero)

Some nouns can only have one gender, i.e., they are either masculine (o mar the sea, o sangue the blood) or feminine (a ponte the bridge, a vida life).

Other nouns can be both masculine and feminine (o rei : a raíña the king : the queen; o pozo : a poza the little puddle : the puddle).

Gender, in the latter case, can be marked by means of

Gender is not formally predictable, but there are general correspondences: There are, however, exceptions: Gender in Galician may convey information relating to oppositions such as:

Number (Número)

Though most nouns have number distinctions, some lack a singular form (as gafas the glasses, os víveres the provisions).

The information conveyed by the category number refers to the opposition one vs. more than one (o can : os cans the dog : the dogs).

Inflectional plural is normally formed by attaching the morpheme {s}, which has the following allomorphs, depending on the context:


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