Past Participle Agreement

There are two basic rules, each one with a nuance:

1. In the case of the verbs conjugated with être the past participle will agree in number and gender with the subject:

Some être verbs can be used with direct objects, in which case they are conjugated with avoir (see Compound tenses). When conjugated with avoir, these verbs will conform to the agreement rule for avoir verbs (below).

2. In the case of the verbs conjugated with avoir, the past participle never agrees with the subject. It will, however, agree with any preceding direct object. So,

When avoir verbs are used reflexively or reciprocally (that is, with a reflexive pronoun), they will be conjugated with être (see Compound tenses). Nevertheless, they will still only agree with a preceding direct object. Care must be taken to identify whether the reflexive pronoun is a direct or an indirect object pronoun. So,
In certain expressions, such as faire + infinitive, laisser +infinitive, se rendre compte, and others, the place of the direct object is held by an infinitive or other complement, which will always follow the principal verb. In these expressions no agreement is usually made.

Compound tenses

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