Jarrow

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North Sea port, South Tyneside district, metropolitan area of Tyne and Wear, England. It lies along the south bank of the River Tyne.

Jarrow's St. Paul's Church (dedicated AD 685) is situated close to a ruined monastery that was begun in 681. The monastery was a religious centre in the Anglo-Saxon period and was the home of the Venerable Bede.

In the mid-19th century the town developed around coal pits and the shipyards established by Sir Charles Palmer. Since the economic depression and high unemployment of the 1930s, when the community lent its name to a famous series of "hunger marches" that were made across England to London, Jarrow's industrial base has been expanded to include oil installations and ship-repair yards. The Tyne Tunnel (opened in 1967) runs under the River Tyne to connect Jarrow with Willington.

Pop. (1981) 31,213.
 
 
 

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